The unit for this Programme is a Habitation and not a Revenue village or a
Panchayat. A Habitation
is a cluster of population, living in an area, the location of which does not
change over time. Desam, Dhanis, Tolas, Majras, Hamlets etc. are commonly used
terminology to describe the Habitations.
Habitation is one with a population of designated size located at a
distance of at least 500 metres or more (1.5 km of path distance in case of
Hills) from an All-weather road or a connected Habitation.
The population, as recorded in the Census 2001, shall be the basis for
determining the population size of the Habitation. The population of all
Habitations within a radius of 500 metres (1.5 km. of path distance in case of
Hills) may be clubbed together for the purpose of determining the population
size. This cluster
approach would enable provision of connectivity to a larger number of
Habitations, particularly in the Hill / mountainous areas.
The eligible Unconnected Habitations are to be connected to nearby Habitations
already connected by an All-weather road or to another existing All-weather road
so that services (educational, health, marketing facilities etc.), which are not
available in the unconnected Habitation, become available to the residents.
Network is that minimal Network of roads (routes)that is essential to
provide Basic access to essential social and economic services to all eligible
habitations in the selected areas through at least a single all-weather road
A Core Network comprises of Through
Routes and Link
Routes. Through routes are the ones which collect traffic from
several link roads or a long chain of Habitations and lead it to Marketing
centres either directly or through the higher category roads i.e., the District
Roads or the State or National Highway. Link
Routes are the roads connecting a single Habitation or a group of
Habitations to Through Routes or District Roads leading to Market Centres. Link
routes generally have dead ends terminating on a Habitation, while Through
Routes arise from the confluence of two or more Link Routes and emerge on to a
major Road or to a Market Centre.
It should be ensured that each road work that is taken up under the PMGSY is
part of the Core Network. While keeping the objective of Connectivity in view,
preference should be given to those roads which also incidentally serve other
Habitations. In other words, without compromising the basic objective (covering
1000+ Habitations first and 500+ Habitations next and 250+ Habitations where
eligible, last), preference should be given to those roads which serve a larger
population. For this purpose, while Habitations within a distance of 500 metres
from the road is considered as connected in case of plain areas, this distance
should be 1.5 km (of path length) in respect of Hills.
The PMGSY shall cover only the rural areas. Urban roads are excluded from the
purview of this Programme. Even in the rural areas, PMGSY covers only the Rural
Roads i.e., Roads that were formerly classified as ‘Other District
Roads’ (ODR) and ‘Village Roads’ (VR). Other
District Roads (ODR) are roads serving rural areas of production and
providing them with outlet to market centres, taluka (tehsil) headquarters,
Block headquarters or other main roads. Village
Roads (VR) are roads connecting villages / Habitation or groups of
Habitation with each other and to the nearest road of a higher category. Major
District Roads, State Highways and National Highways cannot be covered under the
PMGSY, even if they happen to be in rural areas. This applies to New
Connectivity roads as well as Upgradation works.
The PMGSY envisages only single road Connectivity to be provided. If a
Habitation is already connected by way of an All-weather road, then no new work
can be taken up under the PMGSY for that habitation.
Provision of connectivity to unconnected Habitations would be termed as New
Connectivity. Since the purpose of PMGSY inter alia is to provide
farm to market access, new connectivity may involve ‘new construction’ where
the link to the habitation is missing and additionally, if required,
‘upgradation’ where an intermediate link in its present condition cannot
function as an all-weather road (see Para 12 below)
when permitted would typically involve building the base and surface courses of
an existing road to desired technical specifications and / or improving the
geometrics of the road, as required in accordance with traffic condition. (see
also Para 14 below)
The primary focus of the PMGSY is to provide All-weather road connectivity to
the eligible unconnected Habitations. An All-weather
road is one which is negotiable in all seasons of the year. This
implies that the road-bed is drained effectively (by adequate cross-drainage
structures such as culverts, minor bridges and causeways), but this does not
necessarily imply that it should be paved or surfaced or black-topped.
Interruptions to traffic as per permitted frequency and duration
may be allowed.
There may be roads which are Fair-weather
roads. In other words, they are fordable only during the dry season,
because of lack of Cross Drainage (CD) works. Conversion of such roads to
All-weather roads through provision of CD works would be treated as upgradation.
It must be noted that on all the road works of the PMGSY, provision of necessary
CD works is considered an essential element
PMGSY does not permit repairs to Black-topped or Cement Roads, even if the
surface condition is bad.
The Rural Roads constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana will be
in accordance with the provision of the Indian Roads Congress (IRC) as given in
the Rural Roads Manual (IRC:SP20:2002). In case of Hill Roads, for matters not
covered by the Rural Roads Manual, provisions of Hills Roads Manual (IRC:SP:48)